Admission of a patient


During admission a patient. Yes what are the procedures and what is the first step you will do specially when you are junior a nurse.

Admission of a patient
Admission of a patient

So First step you will do
Prepared a bed to receive a patient

There are 2 types of beds
01 Common beds -( double, queen,tween)
02 Hospital beds -( manual, electric)

There are 4 positions of bed
01 flat position
02 Trendelenburg position
03 Reverse Trendelenburg position (post op. patients)
04 Fowler's position - it can be high, semi and low Fowler's position

There are 8 types of bed making mainly
01 occupied bed
02 unoccupied bed/admission/open bed
03 cardiac bed
04 closed bed
05 amputation bed
06 fracture bed
07 blanket bed
08 post operative bed
These are all the types of bed making as they indicated according to their name.

So as a junior nurse u should ready the bed to receive the patient. Than u will go for taking vital sign this is more important than other thing cz it's our responsiblity that how was the health of patients at the time of admission and how it's now. Some time
We thought that patients admitted to our ward is already taken a vital sign on OPD so no need to take vital sign again but it's not a good standard of duty.
Because a patient's health is very delicated whenever it will be varies depending on the health problem of the patient. So after taking vital sign then u should proceed to routine or regular medication administration and done documentation records and reports and new patient treatment profile sheet etc. Admission of a patient essential procedur a patient as he/she coming to stay in strange environmen, so it is nurse duty to help in adoptation in hospital and welcome in familier way of welcome as familier one.

Nurse-Doctors commonly used abbreviations

While medication:

Stat - at immediately
SOS - as per need
Ac - before meal
Pc - after meal
NBM - nil by mouth
NPO - nil per oral
HS - at bed time
OD - once a day
BD - twice a day
TDS/TID - thrice a day
QDS/QID - four time in a day
Sip - Oral sip (liquid)
1pint - 500ml
1teaspoon (tsp) - 5ml
1tablespoon (tbsp)- 15ml
Tab - tablet form
Syp - Syrup form
Oint.- Ointment
Drop - Drop
Instill - mucus instillation
Spray - spray (nasal, muscle)
IVF - intravenous Fluids

While Investigation:

CBC - complete blood count
LFT - liver function tests
RFT - renal function tests
S. Creat - serum creatinine
RBS - Random blood sugar
FBS - Fasting blood sugar
PPBS - postprandial blood sugar
Urine <R,M. - routine,and microscopy test
TPR- temp. Pulse, Respiration
BP - blood pressure
HT / HTN - hypertension
Veinflow - intravenous catheter
LP - lumbar puncture
KUB - kidney ureter bladder x-ray
CT scan- computed tomography scan
CAT scan - computed tomography Axial scan
CXR - chest X-ray
MRI - magnetic resonance imaging test

Finale Words:

So friends this all about admission of a patient these all are some basic points that shiush be followed as a nurse specially when if you a junior nurse.
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