Typhoid Fever [all you need to know about Enteric Fever]

Typhoid fever or enteric fever today I am going to talk about Salmonella infection.
yes this is a very common topic and many of you might have already suffered from it in the past.
And this is very common so you have to share this post, it's very important.

Typhoid fever symptoms
Typhoid fever
So in this article we will discuss about typhoid fever.

  • How does it caused and what is the salmonella typhi. (this is the bacteria which is causing typhoid fever.) 
  • The symptoms the tests,
  • Prevention, treatment everything and,
  • Even the prevent the possible complications will be covered, so stay here.

Let's cover this topic, so typhoid fever is an infection that causes diarrhea and rash and it is most commonly caused due to a bacteria Salmonella typhi also called S. typhi.

Causes of typhoid fever

Now this S. typhi can spread through contaminated food drinks or water.

so if you eat or drink something that is contaminated with this bacteria the bacteria enters your body and it travels to your intestines and then into your blood, then in the blood they travel to the lymph nodes, gall bladder, the liver, the spleen and other parts of the body.


Some people become carriers of this bacteria or infections and continue to release the bacteria in their stools for years and years spreading the disease.

Carrier means a person with infected with any bacteria. But the person doesn't have any symptoms of disease. Means person is healthy but they are carrying that bacteria inside his body. And will get infected as soon as person's immunity got low.


That's why it's so common specially typhoid fever is very common in developing countries like India. 

Most cases of of typhoid in the US or other countries are actually brought in from these developing countries.

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Symptoms of Typhoid Fever

See when you get a symptom early symptoms include fever you will be generalized feeling of illness and some abdominal pain.

Fever can be between up to high 103 degrees Fahrenheit 139 point five degree Centigrade or even higher and.

There can be severe diarrhea, and this occurs as the disease gets worse.


Some people develop a rash which is called rose spots rose spots which which has small red spots on the abdomen and the chest.

And many times there are some other symptoms like there can be bloody stools there can be chills they can be agitations or confusions.

They can delirium or even some hallucinations, there can be difficulty in paying attentions, nosebleed severe fatigue slow sluggish weak feeling all these things can happen.


Measures and Test During Typhoid Fever

So what to do? you need to go to a doctor.
A doctor will basically take your history and 
  • A physical examination will be done 
  • Widal test
  • A complete blood count will be done, which will show a high number of white blood cells and why they are high. 
  • A blood culture will be done during the first week of the fever that time only, only during the first week of the figure. It can show some Salmonella typhi bacteria.
  • Other tests that can help diagnosis include the Eliza blood test which looks for antibodies of Salmonella typhi bacteria also called typhoid dot IgM and IgG.
  • There can be fluorescent antibody studies to look for substances that are specific to this particular bacteria platelet count can be done they might be low, stool cultures can be done.


Treatment of Typhoid Fever

The main treatment for Typhoid is antibiotics to kill the bacteria.
Some common antibiotics is prefers

  • Azithromycin
  • Ciprofloxacin
  • Cefatriaxone

But fluids and electrolytes can be given by even an IV root through a vein or you may add them into your drink with.

So you would have to take plenty of oral fluids and electrolytes something like electrons or ORS so that you will be well hydrated.

But Antibiotics have an issue there is increasing rate of antibiotic resistance throughout the world.

So your doctor will have to check the current recommendation before choosing an antibiotic and the culture report will also help.

Prognosis of Typhoid Fever

So what happens prognosis see sometimes symptoms usually improve in two to four weeks a month of treatment.

And the outcome is likely to be good with the early treatment but it can become poor if complications develop and symptoms can return.

Complications of typhoid fever

If the treatment has not been completed although if they have not cured the disease.
so what are the complications occur :
  • See you can have the bacteria in the intestine.
  • So you can have intestinal bleeding,
  • you can have intestinal perforation,
  • It can go in the kidneys so it can cause kidney failure, 
  • If it caused peritonitis so severe abdominal complications can happen.
So if you have been exposed to someone who has typhoid fever, if you have been an area where people have typhoid fever,

And you develop some symptoms like these, or
If you have had type of fever and then the symptoms have returned,

Then or you have developed some abdominal pain, decreased urine output or any new symptoms you should go to a doctor, and get evaluated.

Prevention or Vaccine for typhoid fever

Now for prevention there is a typhoid vaccine and vaccine is recommended for any travelers outside with a going to developing countries or with people who live in developing countries.

Where typhoid fever prominent is present?
when you are traveling to such an area where try for it is more prominent drink only boiled water or bottled water and eat well cooked food and eat them.

When they are hot wash your hands thoroughly before eating and even after water treatment waste disposal and in the food supply from contamination is the most important public health measure.

Which the government should take to actually control this situation.

Carriers of typhoid must not be allowed to work as tight as food handlers this is also very important.
and for that you can actually check the antibodies.

Conclusion

So typhoid fever is also called enteric fever this is all about this fever and I hope this article helps you to know well about typhoid fever. So stay connected stay healthy.

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